Dow Chemical Company purchased UCC in 2001, seventeen years after the disaster.
Civil and criminal cases filed in the United States against UCC and Warren Anderson, UCC CEO at the time of the disaster, were dismissed and redirected to Indian courts on multiple occasions between 19, as the US courts focused on UCIL being a standalone entity of India.
The invention as recited in claim 23, wherein said film supply means includes a cutting assembly, and wherein said drive means further includes a cam engaging said cutting assembly to cut said advancing end of said film roll after said preselected length has been advanced from said roll.
The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
The invention as recited in claim 8, further including hold-down means responsive to engagement of said copyboard with said roller means for holding said copy sheet against said original sheet as said copyboard moves toward said exposing station.10.
The invention as recited in claim 1, wherein said exposure means includes a source of ultraviolet radiation and roller means mounted in superposition thereof, and wherein said copyboard includes an ultraviolet transmissive plate supporting said original and copy sheets and movable between said roller means and said ultraviolet source whereby said original and copy sheets are held against each other and said transmissive plate by said roller means as said copyboard moves past said ultraviolet source.9.
In 1994, UCC sold its stake in UCIL to Eveready Industries India Limited (EIIL), which subsequently merged with Mc Leod Russel (India) Ltd.
Eveready ended clean-up on the site in 1998, when it terminated its 99-year lease and turned over control of the site to the state government of Madhya Pradesh.
The invention as recited in claim 1, further including film supply means on said frame laterally adjacent said copyboard for feeding a preselected length of copy film over said copyboard and cutting the same whereby said cut sheet of copy film falls onto said copyboard in approximate registration with said original sheet.22.
The invention as recited in claim 10, wherein said developing chamber contains a first heating element maintaining the interior of said chamber at a substantially uniform temperature above room temperature, a second heating element disposed within the upper leg of said chamber maintaining the interior of said upper leg at a temperature above that provided by said first heating element, and a third heating element disposed in a developer-agent receiving tray in the floor of said chamber.21.
Civil and criminal cases were also filed in the District Court of Bhopal, India, involving UCC, UCIL and UCC CEO Anderson.
In June 2010, seven Indian nationals who were UCIL employees in 1984, including the former UCIL chairman, were convicted in Bhopal of causing death by negligence and sentenced to two years imprisonment and a fine of about ,000 each, the maximum punishment allowed by Indian law.
The chemical process employed in the Bhopal plant had methylamine reacting with phosgene to form MIC, which was then reacted with 1-naphthol to form the final product, carbaryl.