The government of the self-declared Republic of Somaliland in the northwest and the regional government of Puntland in the northeast controlled their respective jurisdictions.The Interim Galmudug Administration (IGA), Interim Juba Administration (IJA), and Interim South West Administration (ISWA) did not fully control their jurisdictions.Clan militias and al-Shabaab continued to commit grave abuses throughout the country, including extrajudicial and politically motivated killings; disappearances; cruel and unusual punishment; rape; and attacks on employees of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), the United Nations, and diplomatic missions.
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AMISOM and Somali security forces did not conduct any major offensive operations to liberate additional areas during the year.
Civilian authorities did not maintain effective control over the security forces.
The limited capacity of authorities to deliver efficient educational services for Somali children is also an obstacle.
The rate of enrolment for girls and boys remains low, but for girls it is significantly lower.
The average scholarship for one lower primary school girl for one year is USD193, while, for a university student, the scholarship is USD1,262.
The scholarship package includes registration and tuition fees, pocket money, bus fare, school uniform and shoes, textbooks, mathematical set and stationery.
UNICEF Hargeisa Field Office Education Specialist Safia Jibril says that the situation for girls from poor, deprived, displaced families, minority clans and other marginalized communities, as well as for orphaned girls from within and outside these communities, is much worse, as they often do not have any safety net.
“In cases where parents have many children, preference is given to a boy, when it comes to going to school,” she says.
The programme aims to improve both access to and quality of girls’ education by offering a comprehensive scholarship package through the Accelerated Female Participation in Education (AFPE) fund.
This scholarship fund helps expand opportunities for vulnerable and deprived Somali girls by supporting them through the full education cycle.
Former Transitional Federal Government (TFG) president and presidential candidate, Sheikh Sharif, described the presidential vote as fair and conceded defeat.