Barbeau Peak, on northern Ellesmere Island, is the territory’s highest point, reaching an elevation of 8,583 feet (2,616 metres).
Much of the archipelago is permanently covered in snow and ice, especially in the north and east.
Early contacts with explorers and whaling crews introduced new diseases and reduced the population during the 19th century.
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The territorial government recognizes The origins of the Inuit are obscure, but people have been living in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago for more than 4,000 years.
The several dialect groups now present in Nunavut are all apparently descended from what is known as the Thule culture, a prehistoric maritime society.
Located in Cambridge Bay, Nunavut, the Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB) is Nunavut’s environmental assessment agency, with responsibilities for assessing the potential impacts of proposed projects before any required permits, licences and approvals can be granted.
The NIRB’s mission is to protect and promote the well-being of the Environment and Nunavummiut through the impact assessment process.
Nunavut constitutes the greater part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, including its largest island, Baffin Island. Thousands of lakes dot the heavily glaciated surface.
In addition, several islands are divided between Nunavut and the Northwest Territories (notably Victoria and Melville islands), and Nunavut’s territory extends to numerous islands in Hudson Bay, such as the Belcher Islands. The Arctic Archipelago consists of lowlands in the south that rise to the Innuitian Mountains in the north and along the eastern side of Baffin Island.
Average temperatures in July above 50 °F (10 °C) are limited to the area west of Hudson Bay, while in the far north and along the northeastern coast of Baffin Island they do not exceed 41 °F (5 °C).
Precipitation is scant throughout most of the territory and falls almost entirely as snow.
The plant life supports small mammals, caribou, and musk oxen.