A TDV prevention program aimed at promoting healthy relationships at this developmentally important age holds tremendous promise.The primary aim is to determine whether Fourth R reduces students' TDV, as indexed by less perpetration and victimization of physical, sexual, and psychological TDV, relative to students in control schools.
Focus may vary among prevention programs according to the ages of the target student population, and programs may focus on either general violence or specific forms of violence such as bullying or dating violence.
Moving toward making universal school-based violence prevention available, in 2013 Oregon enacted a law requiring school districts to incorporate bullying prevention into existing student training programs.
Youth violence includes aggressive, violent, disruptive and problem behaviors, among others.
Some violent acts—such as bullying, slapping, or hitting—can cause more emotional harm than physical harm.
The prevalence of teen dating violence (TDV), as well as the adverse mental, physical, and relationship health outcomes associated with it, underscores the need for effective TDV prevention programs, of which there are few.
The study will evaluate a new 7th-grade version of Fourth R, which has been rewritten to be developmentally appropriate and correspond to national health standards for this younger age.
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. This study is a school-based cluster randomized trial of the 7th grade version of Fourth R, a promising teen dating violence prevention program, with 24 ethnically diverse middle schools (12 intervention schools, 12 control schools) in one of the nation's largest school districts.
Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U. Students (N = 3,375) will be the unit of analysis and studied prospectively (baseline, [post-intervention], and annually for 3 years) to determine the impact of the program by comparing students in intervention schools with those in control schools.
Prevention of partner violence by focusing on behaviors of both young males and females. In 2015, 12% of dating female high school students and 7% of dating male high school students reported experiencing physical dating violence, and 16% of female and 5% of male students reported experiencing sexual dating violence (CDC MMWR-YRBSS 2016).
There is some evidence that school-based programs to prevent youth intimate partner violence (IPV) increase knowledge about, and improve attitudes toward, teen dating violence (Campbell-De La Rue 2014) and avert dating violence (De Koker P, Mathews C, Zuch M, Bastien S, Mason-Jones AJ. Link to original source (journal subscription may be required for access)Whitaker DJ, Morrison S, Lindquist C, et al. Link to original source (journal subscription may be required for access)O’Leary KD, Smith-Slep AM. Link to original source (journal subscription may be required for access)).
The 7th-grade version of Fourth R is innovative because it emphasizes socio-emotional learning, includes lessons on mental health, and addresses technology and cyber TDV.